什么是认证?

年轻的成人白衬衫在他办公室的笔记本电脑上工作
•••

Luis Alvarez / Getty Images

认证是一种证书,告诉雇主您有一项特定技能。通常,您通过参加专业组织管理的考试获得认证。成功完成考试后,您将获得该技能的认证。

根据您的工作范围,可能需要认证才能在您的领域找到职位。了解认证的工作方式;它的收益,成本和要求;以及如何利用它来提高您的职业生涯。

定义和认证示例

认证表明您有一个特定的skillor level of knowledge, ultimately showing an employer that you know what you need to do to successfully peform your job. Generally, certifications are conferred by professional groups, not government agencies. To become certified in a skill, you often are required to take and pass an exam.

许多领域的工作都需要认证,包括医疗保健,信息技术,人力资源,销售和熟练行业的职位。在某些情况下,跨部门的认证。例如,项目经理with a project management professional (PMP) certification may be able to work in business and professional services, manufacturing, oil and gas, or a number of other industries.

Sometimes employers require certifications, and in other cases, employees choose to get them on their own to be more competitive in the job market.

认证如何工作?

认证与许可不同,尽管两者经常互换使用。认证证明了持有人的知识,而执照则赋予了从事职业的合法权利。

根据职业,一些专业人员既拥有认证和执照。例如,registered nurse必须由他们工作的国家许可。他们也可能在特定领域(例如儿科)获得认证。在法律上,许可必须作为注册护士工作,而通常不需要认证。但是,雇主仍然可能更喜欢甚至坚持这样做。

Certification is different from the certificate you receive at the end of some educational programs. A certificate shows that you have completed course requirements, while a certification is a credential that is typically earned after taking an exam. It demonstrates that you have the skills necessary to perform a specific job.

我需要认证吗?

In some cases, you might need a certification to get hired. A certification may also help you get promoted or earn more money than your co-workers who do not have the specific credential at hand.

有些行业比其他行业更有可能需要认证。根据美国劳工统计局(BLS)的数据,以下职业拥有持有证书但没有许可的工人的百分比最高:

  • Computer and mathematical (6.6%)
  • 社区和社会服务(4.6%)
  • Installation, maintenance, and repair (4.1%)
  • 商业和金融业务(3.3%)
  • 法律(3.3%)
  • 卫生保健从业者和技术(3.1%)

Examples of Jobs That Might Require Certification

许多专业人士可能会从认证中受益,尤其是在预计会在受欢迎程度和需求中增长的领域。以下是认证很常见的职业的一些例子。

Actuary: Depending on their specialization,精算师获得了两个专业社会之一,即伤亡精算社会(CAS)和精算师协会(SOA)。要赢得认证的副认证水平,精算师必须通过七项考试,需要学习数月的学习。许多人在完成学士学位时至少通过一项考试。如果收到,该领域的认证奖励很大:根据BLS,精算师的年薪中位数为111,030美元。预计在未来10年中,该领域的工作将增长18%。

Information security analyst: In addition to having at least a bachelor’s degree in计算机科学或相关领域,这些专业人员通常拥有几种信息安全认证之一。例如,经认证的信息系统安全专业人员是一般信息安全认证。根据BLS,信息安全分析师赚取年薪中位数103,590美元。预计在未来十年中,该领域的工作将增长31%。

Wind turbine technician: This occupation is an example ofa job where a certification can replace extensive formal education。风能技术通常获得风能技术的证书或副学士学位。但是,一些雇主可能更喜欢在工作场所电气安全,攀岩和其他受试者方面获得额外认证的候选人。根据BLS的数据,风力涡轮机技术人员的年薪中位数为56,230美元,该公司预测,该领域的就业机会在未来10年内将增长61%,比平均水平快。

The U.S. Department of Labor’s CareerOneStop offers acertification finder tool。插入您的职位或认证名称,以查找有关该主题的更多信息。您也可以按行业或导航中的职业缩小范围。

How Much Does a Certification Cost?

认证成本取决于凭证和您的位置。例如,高级心血管救生保健提供者的寿命证书通常花费几百美元。在另一端是high-level IT certifications,其中一些可能花费数千美元。

In some cases, employers will cover certifications and other continuing educational expenses related to your job. Before paying out of pocket for a certification, check with your human resources department or manager about whether they will cover it.

Key Takeaways

  • Certification demonstrates professional knowledge, a specificskill set, or an ability to do a particular job.
  • Generally, certifications are given by professional groups that administer an exam upholding their standards.
  • 尽管一些专业人员同时拥有许可和证书,但认证与许可不同。