What Does a Nurse Practitioner (NP) Do?

了解薪水,必需技能等等

Nurse
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护士从业人员(NP)提供初级和专业的医疗保健。像一个医师,他或她评估和诊断患者,命令实验室测试,处方药物并管理健康状况。NP还向患者教育如何做出健康的生活方式选择。因为有些州限制了职责,因此他们所能做的事情因其在练习地点而有所不同。

This is one of several occupations that fall under the general title, Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN). Other job titles are Nurse Anesthetist, Clinical Nurse Specialist, and Nurse Midwife.

Nurse practitioners work in a variety of specialty areas including Acute Care, Gerontology Health, Oncology, Women’s Health, Neonatal Health, Psychiatric and Mental Health, and Pediatric/Child Health. NPs also work in sub-specialties like Cardiovascular, Hematology and Oncology, Neurology, Sports Medicine, and Urology.

Nurse Practitioner Duties & Responsibilities

护士从业者:

  • 进行健康评估,包括记录完整的医疗和社会心理历史
  • Record symptoms
  • 物理检查患者
  • Make diagnoses
  • Develop a treatment plan that may include medication and other therapies
  • Provide patient education to promote habits that will prevent diseases and maintain good health
  • Collaborate with other healthcare providers, including physicians and nurses
  • Order and interpret laboratory test results
  • 跟进患者以确定推荐治疗的有效性

As primary healthcare providers, nurse practitioners help patients maintain good health and treat their illnesses. This requires taking into account their health histories and any symptoms they are experiencing. Laboratory tests provide supplemental information that will alert them to abnormalities that may not be revealed through a conversation with the patient or physical examination.

护士从业者鼓励患者成为自己的福祉参与者。他们实现这一目标的手段是提供教育和咨询,以帮助患者了解如何保持自己的身体健康,或减轻症状和疾病的发展。

像所有人一样healthcare professionals, NPs don’t consider their job done when a patient leaves the office. Outcomes are an important aspect of their practice. It is essential to determine whether the treatments they administered or recommended are effective.

护士从业者薪水

Nurse practitioners earn a higher年薪中位数比其他的医疗诊断和治疗practitioners. Their pay varies based on location and experience.

  • 年薪中位数:$ 107,030
  • 最高10%的年薪:超过$ 150,320
  • 最低10%的年薪:不到$ 78,300

Source:美国劳工统计局,2018年

Education, Training, & Certification

Before one can begin preparing to become a nurse practitioner, he or she must be licensed to practice as a注册护士(RN). That requires earning a bachelor’s or associate degree, or a diploma in nursing and getting a state-issued license. While most graduate programs prefer to admit candidates who have a bachelor’s degree, some offer a bridge program to those who have an associate or diploma in nursing.

  • 护理实践中的硕士或博士学位:Most people enter this profession by completing a Master’s Degree in Nursing Practice, but some choose to get a Doctorate in Nursing Practice (DNP) or a Ph.D. Master’s or Doctoral candidates receive advanced clinical education through classroom and clinical instruction. Coursework varies according to the specialty, but usually includes advanced pathophysiology, pharmacology, and health assessment; health information technology; and leadership.
  • NP许可证:All states and the District of Columbia require nurse practitioners to be licensed. One must have a state-issued RN license and a master’s degree or doctorate in nursing practice. It is also necessary to pass a national certification exam for the population or specialty in which he or she is trained.

护士从业者技能& Competencies

NP的雇主,例如医疗实践,医院和长期护理机构,更喜欢雇用具有以下能力的个人:

  • 沟通技巧:要与患者和同事交流,护士从业人员需要出色listening,speaking, and人际交往能力. They must be able to understand what their patients are telling them, clearly communicate instructions, and build and maintain a trusting relationship.
  • 解决问题:Based on clinical interviews, physical examinations, and lab test results, NPs must identify diseases and other health conditions. After making diagnoses, they need to produce treatment plans.
  • Critical Thinking:When developing a treatment plan, an NP must be able to evaluate various options to treat a condition and then identify the one he or she decides will have the best outcome.
  • Compassion:护士从业者必须能够同情病人,也担心患者及其家人。
  • Leadership Skills:NP通常管理医疗团队的其他成员,例如RNS和有执照的实践护士(LPN)。

工作前景

护士从业人员与其他高级练习注册护士一起期待着出色的工作前景。美国劳工统计局(BLS)预测,在2016年至2026年之间,就业将增长36%。这要比所有职业的平均工作增长快得多。

The BLS cites several factors that contribute to this outstanding growth. They include an aging population of baby boomers and an emphasis on preventative healthcare. In addition, many states are allowing nurse practitioners to perform a wider variety of services, which has led to more patients seeking them out.

Source:Bureau of Labor Statistics,2017年

工作环境

大多数护士从业人员在医师办公室,医院和门诊护理中心工作。有些人可以为患者的家园或长途旅行以在服务不足的地区提供医疗服务。

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工作日程

Most nurse practitioners have full-time jobs. Some work evenings, weekends, and holidays, and some—particularly those who work in critical care or obstetrics—are required to be on call to respond to emergencies.

如何找到工作

RESEARCH THE REQUIREMENTS IN YOUR STATE

The美国护士从业者协会(AANP) provides a detailed state-by-state directory that includes licensure requirements and state laws regarding the scope of practice.

FIND GRADUATE PROGRAMS

Use AANP’sNP程序搜索以找到硕士或博士课程。

SEARCH FOR JOBS

寻找职位空缺的确.

Comparing Similar Jobs

Individuals who are considering becoming a nurse practitioner may also consider these other healthcare professions:

Source:Bureau of Labor Statistics,2017年