直接支持专业人员(DSP)做什么?

Learn About the Salary, Required Skills, & More

直接支持专业人士的生活中的一天:保持患者免受健康危害;监控行为并保持问题和进步的记录;报告怀疑滥用,忽视或剥削;帮助日常任务,教患者更轻松的任务

余额 / Jo Zixuan Zhou

Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) need people in their lives who provide them with assistance and instruction on completing tasks that most people take for granted. Professionals who provide this help and training are known as direct support professionals (DSPs).

DSP为遭受各种残疾以及跨越各种任务的人提供帮助,包括运输,个人护理,烹饪和清洁。目的是帮助IDD患者实现更加舒适的独立性。

直接支持专业职责和责任

DSP通过为患有IDD的个人提供安全的生活环境,帮助他们完成日常任务以及教会他们的生活技能,以帮助他们。直接支持专业人员通常会看到以下任务:

  • 使患者免受健康危害。例如,DSP会将锋利的刀保持在锁着的抽屉中,并将家用清洁剂存放在锁上的橱柜中。
  • 监控对自己一个个人的行为d others, and maintain patients' records of problems and progress.
  • Report any instances of suspected abuse, neglect, or exploitation to the appropriate authorities so thatprotective services specialistscan investigate the situations if necessary.
  • Help individuals with tasks like cooking, cleaning, showering, toileting, shopping, and managing money.
  • 教患者的任务,他们最终可以学习自己做。

DSPs can work with adults as well as children. In some cases, they might be authorized to administer medications.

Individuals with IDD and DSPs often feel a great sense of accomplishment when an individual learns to complete a new task.

直接支持专业工资

People don't become DSPs for the money, but the personal gratification can be top-notch.

  • 中间小时工资:$ 22,859(每小时$ 10.99)
  • Top 10% Hourly Wage:$ 29,556($ 14.21/小时)
  • Bottom 10% Hourly Wage:$ 18,553(每小时$ 8.92)

Two significant factors contributing to low wages for this profession are the minimal amount of education required and a high turnover within the workforce.

Source:Payscale

Education, Training, & Certification

在许多情况下,雇主提供了所有新员工需求的培训,这通常是广泛的。但是,当您试图在该领域找到工作时,经验和教育可能是无价的。

  • Education:最常见的教育要求DSP乔bs is ahigh schooleducation.
  • 经验:通常首选两年以上的经验。
  • 新员工介绍:雇主通常会提供CPR,行为管理,职业安全,滥用,忽视和剥削的培训。
  • 自愿认证:Certification is available through the全国直接支持专业人员联盟(NADSP)。通常不是必需的,但是如果您采取此额外的步骤,认证可以增加您被雇用的机会。

Most employers require that DSPs be at least 18 years old. They should have current drivers' licenses and be able to pass a criminal background check and a drug test.

直接支持专业技能和能力

DSP的最重要人格特征是耐心。患有IDD的人行动时可能会有糟糕的日子,或者他们可能拒绝与指示合作。DSP应证明以下特征:

  • 在压力下镇定:These individuals need the help of their DSPs, and sometimes they can't always express their discontent, unhappiness, or frustration in productive ways.
  • Dependability and punctuality:Unexpected absences and showing up late can disturb patients who depend heavily on predictability and sameness of routine.
  • 敏锐的观察感:A DSP should be able to tell when something isn’t right with the individual he serves. Other DSPs, medical professionals, other individuals, and family members might be able to shed light on the situation when a DSP can't put her finger on what's wrong.
  • Interpersonal skills and a strong sense of teamwork:These characteristics help DSPs deal with the challenges of the work and make them good co-workers for other DSPs.

工作前景

Because the turnover rate is high among DSPs, employers sometimes need to fillvacant positionsquickly. There is typically ample work available.

Work Environment

DSP作业都可以在两者中提供民众and private sectors. DSPs are often employed at state-run institutions where individuals with IDD are residents. Some of these patients work with DSPs to learn the skills necessary to live in settings like group homes and assisted-living facilities. Other DSPs serve individuals in their homes. Challenges can come from just about every facet of the job, but the job is rewarding.

Work Schedule

A DSP's hours can be erratic, but it can depend on whether you're working in a private home, an institution, or other employer. A minimum of 40 hours a week is generally required, but some agencies do offer part-time positions. This is usually a daytime job except when patients have emergencies.

同事可能不会出现,导致您工作时间比预期的时间更长。个人可能表现出暴力,自欺欺人或破坏性的行为,因此您不能在定期安排的时间内离开。

How to Get the Job

寻找导师

与该领域的某人交谈,他们可以分享他们的经验,让您了解您的期望,并指导您进行潜在的工作空缺。

GET CERTIFIED

The全国直接支持专业人员联盟(NADSP) offers a national certificate program for people who want to specialize in this field of human services.

Comparing Similar Jobs

其他一些职业还为患有残疾甚至老年人的人提供服务,最著名的是:

  • 个人护理助手:$24,100

Source:U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,2017年