There are a surprising number of fields you can enter without completing long degree programs. Many offer salaries and job satisfaction similar to those that require four-year degrees. If you’re in the market for a job change, consider a short-term job training program in a growing occupation. You may find that you can qualify quickly for a rewarding new job.
下面的图表显示了中位数,最高10%,机器人tom 10% salaries for each training program.
1. Certified Nursing Assistants
Certified Nursing Assistants(CNAs)are in high demand given the increasing needs of an aging population for medical support. CNAs work in nursing homes, assisted living facilities, hospitals, private homes, and residential treatment centers. They support the medical efforts of the professional nursing staff by observing and reporting changes in vital signs and the health status of patients.
Search in your browser for "CNA training" to find a list of options in your area. SearchIndeed.comby "CNA" or "Certified Nursing Assistant" to see some of the jobs offered in your area. Some hospitals and nursing homes offer free training programs to candidates who make a commitment to work for their organization.
工作前景 -According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), jobs fornursing assistants预计从2016 - 2026年开始的所有职业的平均值要快11％。
Salary -BLS数据表明，护理助理的年收入中位数为27,520美元。前10％的收入至少$ 38,630，而最低10％的收入低于20,680美元。
2. Commercial Drivers
Commercial drivers transport goods and materials in trailers or other large capacity vehicles. Contact the division of motor vehicles in your state for the exact requirements in your area for obtaining a commercial license.
工作前景 -机会商用卡车司机从2016 - 2026年起，预计将速度高达4-6％。
Salary –重型卡车司机的中位工资为42,480美元，最高10％的收入至少$ 64,000，最低10％的收入低于27,510美元。送货卡车司机的年薪中位工资为29,250美元，而最高10％的收入超过48,730美元，而最低10％的收入低于17,660美元。
3. Emergency Medical Technicians
Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs)是受伤或突然生病的人的第一个接触点。EMTS干预以提供医疗援助，并在医生治疗之前稳定受伤或病人，然后将患者运送到医院接受护理。劳工统计局期望工作前景EMTsto expand much faster than for the average occupation due to the aging population and attendant strokes, falls, heart attacks, and other emergency conditions.
The basic level EMT requires 100 hours of training.
The intermediate or advanced level EMT certification entails about 1,000 hours of training. Candidates must pass a national qualifying exam as well as complete an approvedtraining programto qualify for all levels of EMT practice. Licensing requirements vary by state. Search the state department of health in your area with a query that includes "accredited EMT training programs." Learn more about a career as an紧急医疗技术员。
工作前景 -EMT的就业预计将比2016 - 2026年平均增长快得多，为15％。
Salary –EMTs earn a median annual wage of $33,380. The top 10% earn at least $59,990 and the lowest 10% of earners are paid $21,880 or less.
4. Hair Stylists
Hair stylists shampoo, cut, color, straighten, curl, and treat the hair of clients. Training programs are most commonly nine to 10 months in length with states requiring about 1,000-1,600 hours for licensing.
5. Massage Therapists
按摩治疗师manipulate muscles and the soft tissue of clients to relieve pain, reduce stress, and increase relaxation. They advise clients about ways to reduce stress and muscular tension and achieve greater relaxation. Massage therapists work in private practice, with chiropractors, and in hospitals, spas, and fitness centers.
工作前景 -Jobs formassage therapistsare expected to grow by 26% from 2016-2026, a much faster rate than for other occupations.
Salaries –The median annual wage for message therapists is $39,990. The lowest 10 percent earn less than $20,300 while the top 10 percent earn at least $77,470.
6. Personal Trainers
私人教练work in private homes of clients, community-based gyms/fitness facilities, and corporate or resort fitness centers. Certifying bodies require candidates to complete a written exam and in some cases a skills test. Candidates typically complete either online courses lasting six to twelve weeks or training programs lasting about six months. Search "personal trainer courses" and your location to identify some training programs in your area. Ask local personal trainers for recommendations regarding the best programs.
工作前景 -Jobs forpersonal trainersare expected to grow by 10% from 2016-2026, a faster rate than for other occupations.
Salary -The median annual wage for personal trainers is $39,210. The lowest 10% earn less than $19,640 while the top 10 percent earn at least $74,520.
7. Physical Therapy Aides
Physical therapy aidesprovide support to physical therapists and physical therapy assistants. They help to arrange equipment and prepare patients for procedures. Physical therapy aides greet patients and schedule appointments. Physical therapy aides help patients in and out of treatment areas. They reinforce treatment protocols after therapists have initiated interventions with clients. Most physical therapy aides are trained on the job for three to 12 months.
工作前景 -Jobs forphysical therapy aidesare expected to grow by 29% from 2016-2026, a much faster rate than for other occupations.
Salary -The median annual wage for physical therapy aides is $25,730. The lowest 10% earn less than $19,620 while the top 10% earn at least $38,490.
8. Wind Turbine Technicians
Wind turbine technicians维护通过风产生电力的设施和设备。他们测试设备的安全性和效率，诊断问题，更换零件并执行其他维修。由于推动了替代能源和风能技术的进步，风力发电的扩大迅速，因此就业机会的扩张速度比平均值快得多。
Technicians completecertificate programswhich range in length from three months to two years. Search "Wind Turbine Technician Training" to identify some options in your area.
工作前景 -Jobs forwind turbine techniciansare expected to grow by 96 percent from 2016-2026, a much faster rate than for other occupations.
Salary -The median annual wage for wind turbine technicians is $53,880. The lowest 10 percent earn less than $37,850, while the top 10 percent earn at least $80,170.
9. Apprentice Programs
Apprentice programs提供一种机制让新员工学习贸易s through a combination of paid on the job training and classroom instruction. Common apprentice occupations include plumber, electrician, heating and air conditioning technician, carpenter, machinist, and mechanic. Training typically lasts one to three years, but trainees receive pay during this time and there is generally no charge for the training. Research apprentice options in your area through yourstate apprenticeship office。
10. Sales Trainees
Sales Traineesengage customers and encourage them to purchase products or services. Candidates with strong verbal andinterpersonal skills通常可以说服雇主在没有任何直接销售经验的情况下雇用他们。确保您在对雇主的方法中表现出动力和自信。执行信息访谈with salespeople and other staff at target companies to showcase yourcommunication skills。Many organizations have on the job training programs to educate trainees about their products and sales strategies.