What Is a Physician Assistant?

医师助理的定义和例子

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医师助理(PA)是一名医疗专业人员,在持牌医师的指导下执业。

了解有关PA的更多信息,他们的工作以及如何成为一个。

What Is a Physician Assistant?

A physician assistant is a member of a medical team that includes doctors, surgeons, nurses, and other healthcare professionals. Commonly called a PA, these individuals provide primary medical services.

Sometimes a PA is incorrectly called a physician's assistant, implying that they assist a doctor instead of being a primary care provider in their own right. While PAs must be supervised by doctors, they don't have to be on the premises of the medical facility while the PA is working with a patient.

  • Acronym: PA

How a Physician Assistant Works

作为护理提供者,PA可以执行各种服务,包括:

  • Taking comprehensive medical histories
  • 进行身体检查
  • 订购和解释诊断测试
  • Collaborating with the other members of the patient's healthcare team
  • 诊断受伤和疾病
  • Prescribing medications
  • Documenting and communicating relevant patient information
  • Counseling and educating patients regarding health maintenance and disease prevention

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, physician assistants earned a年薪中位数of $112,260 in 2019. A median salary means that half of all PAs earned more and half earned less. PA employment is expected to grow much faster than average through 2028.Most PAs work full-time in doctors' offices and hospitals.

医师助理的要求

要成为PA,您需要从PA培训计划中获得硕士学位,该计划已获得从Edu认证审查委员会cation for the Physician Assistant(ARC-PA). These programs typically take three academic years.

Entrance requirements for PA training programs vary, but at least two years of college coursework, including classes in chemistry, anatomy, and biology are generally required. Many PA programs also require a significant amount of hands-on patient care experience. You can gain this experience in several ways, including working as an EMT or paramedic, medical assistant,phlebotomist, nurse, medical technician, or as a certified nursing assistant.

一旦接受了PA计划,课程包括病理学,解剖学,诊断和医学伦理,并在一个或多个医学领域的监督临床培训中。

毕业后,所有50个州和哥伦比亚特区都要求PAS获得专业许可。为此,您必须通过医师助理国家认证考试(PANCE),国家医师助理认证委员会(NCCPA)管理。

PA certification must be renewed every 10 years. Re-certification requires completing 100 hours of continuing education every two years and take a re-certification exam every 10 years. The NCCPA maintains a list of licensing boards for each state.

一些使医师助理与医疗助理相混淆,但他们却大不相同。PA是具有硕士学位的初级保健提供者,而医疗助理执行基本的临床任务,并且可能会获得专上计划的证书。

Essential Physician Assistant Skills

There's more to becoming a PA than education and technical knowledge. Employers will be looking for a range of软技能, 包含:

  • Compassion:您必须对可能遇难的患者和家庭表现出同理心和理解。
  • Active listening: Understanding what patients are saying and responding appropriately requires careful attention.
  • Communication: The ability to explain procedures and treatments to patients and caregivers is essential.
  • Critical thinking: When treating a patient, it's essential to identify the patient's illness or injury and develop a treatment plan. This allows you to evaluate all possible treatment options before choosing the one that will have the best outcome.
  • Work ethic: You must be dependable, hardworking, and willing to work long hours.
  • Sensitivity: Tact and diplomacy are required to effectively handle a broad range of sensitive personal situations.
  • 保密:必须遵循患者隐私法。您还需要辨别什么时候最好与患者说话,而不是在家庭成员或照料者的面前。

关键要点

  • 医师助理(PA)是一名医疗专业人员,在持牌医师的指导下执业。
  • PA提供初级保健服务,包括进行考试,订购测试和开处方药。
  • 在您需要练习的州成为PA,硕士学位和许可证。
  • 除技术技能外,PA还需要展示一系列软技能,包括同情心,批判性思维和敏感性。